Digital Transformation of Peacekeeping: A new strategy announced by UN

United Nations Chief Antonio Guterres announced on Wednesday August 18, 2021 for digital transformation of peacekeeping.

He added that the Organisation along with it’s 12 peacekeeping missions would develop a new technology in the face of ever changing challenges around the world.

He presented certain views on the ministerial- level open debate on technology and peacekeeping. Heading to the session he pointed out that new technologies are going to change the nature of conflicts. He said that this would have an “indelible impact” on civilians. 

Key Points of Digital transformation of peacekeeping and new strategy

The key points of Digital Strategy are followed by the UN chief and officials are described as under:

The digital transformation would improve the UN’s anticipation and responsiveness to conflicts. 

It seeks to develop the potential of current and new technologies. That would help the peacekeeping officials to carry out their mandates.

There must be including and improved capability to identify the different threats to civilian lives. 

The strategies include detecting and analyzing the threats against both civilians and peacekeepers. It will also carry out the political and humanitarian missions in an integrated manner. 

Also read: Taliban violated human rights, UN Chief Warns.

Analysis of UN Chief On Digital Transformation of peacekeeping

The UN chief in his long speech, presented the benefits of Digital transformation. He said that this system has brought an extensive approach in the peace operations.

 He said that the use of long range cameras, ground surveillance radar and the UNITE AWARE platform have proved successful. These are extensively helpful across four peace missions in which blue helmets with terrain related information are provided. 

He further added that the UN must ensure the proper use of digital technologies for peace operations. They would develop  standards and principles for human rights measures when there is a chance of some potential harm. 

Steps Taken by Security Council

The Security Council has recently adopted  resolution 2589 (2021). This is about the accountability of crimes against UN peacekeepers. 

Along with the resolution 2589 the 15 Ambassadors also asked the Secretary-General to develop a comprehensive online database of attacks against UN staff and peacekeepers. 

The digital security system would be accessible to host countries, all the troop and police-contributing countries, and to those having nationality of civilian personnel.

UN Chief Honouring Indian Peacekeepers 

UN Chief Antonio Guterres  joined Indian Minister of External affairs Subrahmanyam Jaishankar at a ceremony at the New York Headquarters of the UN to recognize the service of peacekeepers.

The Secretary General paid tribute to more than 4000 peacekeepers who died in the way of peacekeeping under the blue flag. 

Out of these 4000, there were 174 Indian peacekeepers. This is the highest number of all the troop-contributing countries. Antonio Guterres said in a meeting that their remarkable work and ultimate sacrifices would never be forgotten. 

Also read: UN peacekeeping mission: Future, possibilities and challenges

Role of UN Peacekeepers 

UN peacekeepers (often referred to as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets) can include soldiers, police officers, and civilian personnel.

The UN Peacekeepers help countries to come out from the paths of conflict to peace. They have ultimate strengths, including legitimacy, burden sharing, and an ability to deploy troops from around the world. 

They used to integrate with different conflicting personalities and among the civilian peacekeepers. This is about to address a range of missions launched by the UN Security Council and General Assembly.

The peacekeepers roles are in many forms

including: the measures of confidence-building, power-sharing, political and electoral support, strengthening the rule of law, and economic and social development. 

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