Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, the president of Egypt, Mustafa al-Kadhimi, the prime minister of Iraq, and Jordan’s King Abdullah II, have recently met in Baghdad during the first visit by an Egyptian head of state Iraq since Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait in 1990.
After the first Gulf War, there have been diplomatic relations between Iraq and Egypt, which had improved in recent years when senior officials from both countries exchanged visits.
During the first round in Cairo in March 2019, the summit was bought within the framework of the tripartite cooperation among the three countries.
An Egyptian presidency mentioned that on Sunday, the al three leaders discussed numerous areas of regional interest, including the current development on the Palestinian issue, combating terrorism, and economic cooperation.
The leaders also stressed the requirement to intensify consultation and coordination between the three countries on the most critical regional issue.
The meetings are seen as an endeavor to neutralize Iran’s influence across the region. Al-Kadhimi also goals to shore up regional alliances and bolster Iraq’s standing in the Middle East as a mediator.
Iranian and Saudi officials in Baghdad recently hosted the first high-level meeting in April since Riyadh cut diplomatic ties with Tehran in 2016.
Al-Kadhimi said that this visit is an important message to their people that they are mutually supportive and unified to serve their people and the region’s people.
In a press conference following the meeting, Iraqi Foreign Minister Fuad Hussein said a wide range of topics had been discussed, including economic and political cooperation, large-scale industrial projects, and trade in medicine and agricultural pesticides.
Iraq has already signed binding economic and trade agreements with both Jordan and Egypt.
In November, Egypt signed 15 memorandums of understandings that spanned sectors from oil to construction and trade. Almost 10,000 barrels a day of oil from Iraq by the Jordan, but this was halted due to coronavirus restrictions.
Iraq is also planning to build a pipeline for the purpose of exporting one million barrels per day of Iraqi crude from the southern city of Basra to Jordan’s Red Sea port of Aqaba.