UN Chief Antonio Guterres urged the countries to resolve the cases of Enforced Disappearances. The UN Chief honoured the victims of Enforced Disappearances to mark the International day on 30 August.
The UN Chief urged countries to take their part in tackling this “Cowardly practice”. He calls for action to prosecute the ongoing situation. This has also retained the fight to combat the COVID-19 Pandemic.
There are millions of families who have lost their loved one’s in this global issue. It mainly affects the persons involved in military, politics or private agencies.
Enforced Disappearance: A Global Problem
According to the analysis of the UN, the enforced disappearance has become a global issue. It refers to the detention or abduction of people by criminal organisations and their agents.
There are more than a hundred thousand people who have disappeared in more than 80 countries. The UN Chief warns that it is against the International human rights law. He continued saying that it is used for countering crime and terrorism.
The UN Chief said that the lawyers, political opposition and human rights defenders are particularly at risk. Hence this has been continuously practiced across the world for repression and developing terror.
COVID-19 Pandemic: Aid To The Enforced Disappearance
The COVID-19 Pandemic have had a critical impact on the victims of enforced disappearances and their families. Due to the pandemic, there is a lack of capacity to continue searching for the victims.
The problem of Confinement and re-deployment of security forces has caused the continued delays in the investigation for the participants in this crime.
Furthermore there are certain other issues caused due to the pandemic. Some of which include mobilization for the victims, expected threats about the changing situations and psychological effects also perceived.
UN Response Against Enforced Disappearance
UN Chief Antonio Guterres stated in a report:
“Together, we can and we must end all enforced disappearances”. He urged for immediate action against this growing issue.
He called on the member states to fulfill their security obligation to search for victims, investigate, prosecute and punish the relevant criminals.
The UN Committee is involved in monitoring the response of states to combat these humanitarian issues. Also there is a working group of Enforced Disappearances. Their duty includes assisting the families in the implementation of law enforcement.
Furthermore , independent experts from UN Human Rights Council to examine and report back on a specific human rights theme.
They work for their own states with different situations. Moreover they are not from the UN staff, nor recieve any pay from UN.
Committee On Enforced Disappearances (CED)
The Committee on Enforced Disappearances monitors the implementation of the various steps included in the Convention.
It regularizes the overall implementation of the obligations on States parties. The specific responsibilities of CED include:
- Inspect responses from the State parties and updating recommendations about enforced disappearances
- Receiving and registering individual complaints and calls for immediate action
- Communicate between states to identify the parties which do not fulfill their duties against enforced disappearances
International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearance August 30, 2021
In accordance to mark the International day of enforced disappearances on August 30, 2021 the UN human rights experts stated:
The affected States must recognize the relation of enforced disappearances with economic, social and cultural rights. This is to prevent the particular threats related to the enforced disappearance.
They explained the nature of enforced Disappearances and its critical impacts on the countries and to the individuals.
According to the UN experts, enforced Disappearances is a complex crime that affects all ranges of human rights, including economic, social and emotional rights of the victims and also their relatives.