FENGYUN-48: China’s first Meteorological Satellite

China successfully launched its first meteorological satellite of a new generation into planned orbit. The satellite has been named as FENGYUN-48 ( FY-48). It will be used to know about the fields of weather analysis, environmental and disaster monitoring. 

FENGYUN-48(CHINA’S FIRST METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE)

The satellite was launched by Long March -3B rocket from Xicheng Satellite Launch Centre in Sichuan Province at 12:17 am Thursday.  Its China’s first meteorological satellite. The launch Centre said that this was the 372nd flight mission of the Long March rocket series. 


Also read: China Sent Demo Satellites to Research on Internet Constellation Mission

IMPORTANCE OF NEW METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE

Fengyun-48 satellite will build up observation and response capability of small and medium sized scale disaster events. It also provides information about security services in sectors which includes agriculture, meteorological, marine, environmental protection and aviation. It will also organize dynamic monitoring. It also tracks multiple disaster elements like cold fronts, floods, droughts and sand storms. 

It will also improve disaster weather like typhoons and storms of China. It also consists of a rapid imager which improves measurement resolution to 250 meters from geostationary orbit . It also accelerates scanning imaging of Earth. The satellite and rocket were advanced by the Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology and the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, respectively. Both belong to the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation. 

China Meterological Administration will be governing the costruction and operation of the satellite’s ground application system. Fengyun-4A, was launched on December 11,2016, it was the first scientific experiment satellite for the network.

FENGYUN FAMILY

According to the operator of the system, the China Meteorological Administration ( CMA), There are eight satellites of the fengyun family currently present in the orbit. A total of 18 Fengyun satellites have been disposed.

 According to the CMA, the family of the Feng Yun has provided services for 118 countries. And regions which includes 83 along the China – proposed Belt and Road Initiative. 

The China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology ( CALT), the developer of the Long March 3B, on Thursday, told the Global Times that it would also kickstart a new round of intense launch schedules for the Long March 3A family. 

                        

The FY-4B will form a network with FY-4A, that was launched into space to provide more accurate and faster weather data. The FY-4B has a longer lifespan of seven years and an improved observing capability. It can increase the network efficiency of image formation and importantly reduce the update period. 

Zhang Zhuiqin , deputy chief designer of the Feng Yun satellite project said that

” THE NEW SATELLITE WILL HELP FORECASTERS OBSERVE THE DYNAMICS OF SEVERE WEATHER MORE FLEXIBLY, WHOCH MAKES IT EASY TO IDENTIFY AND CAPTURE THE STRONG CONVECTIVE WEATHER SUCH AS SHORT TIME HEAVY RAINFALL AND THUNDERSTORMS”

China began receiving , processing and using foreign meteorological satellite data, in early as 1969. China has also been established its own meteorological satellite system. 

WHICH AREAS WILL IT COVER?

The satellite covers observation range including Asia, central Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean regions. So that the network will also greatly develop China’s forecast accuracy of disaster weather. 

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