Thousands of farmers are of Indian states are protesting against the argumentative farm laws by blocking roads. Since November 2020, they have been protesting at Delhi’s borders for the annulment of the three laws. Many talks have happened between the government and the farm unions, but it resulted in nothing.
According to the Indian government, this law will help to boost the income of Indian farmers. However, the union sees it as an upcoming catastrophe for the Indian farmers.
According to PM Modi, these reformations will help Indian farmers earn a lot and eliminate their financial crisis. And this will result in the overall development for the “Indian Agriculture”. However, the farmers counter this statement by representing their fear will the uncertainty of the market. The uncertain fluctuation can cause them a significant loss and make them a lot poorer. So this will neither result in improved farm incomes nor farm productivity.
So there’s a Monday call the nationwide strike, aka Bharat Bandh.
Many significant parties like congress and state parties have contributed their support to the farmers for the Bharat Bandh. And the expected time for this strike is from 06:00 local time (00:30 GMT) to 16:00 local time on September 27th.
The schools, colleges, shops, and workplaces were shut under an umbrella group of 40 farmers’, Samyukta Kisan Morcha (SKM). However, if any emergency occurs, then the services are allowed to be functional at that time.
There are many outgoing rallies in many other states. Traffic in the highways that are connecting to Delhi has messed up so badly.
What are the laws?
Talking wholesomely, these laws revolve around the price, sale, and storage that protect farmers from exploitation. These laws claim that they are beneficial for the farmers than any other law in the last decade.
The rules allow farmers to sell the essential commodities for future sales, not just to any government-authorised agents but also to any private individual or company. By this, the farmers have the complete authority to tailor their production to wherever they want.
The turning point for the farmers here is that they have the complete freedom to sell at a market price directly to individuals. Unlikely they used to sell it in “Mandis” for the floor prices.
These markets were the farmers’ committees or large landowners that acted as middlemen for organising storage and transport. Sometimes they also play an equal role in financial deals.
What’re the issues with Indian farmers?
The prominent issues staying with the laws for the farmers that how will this model play in actuality? In some instances, farmers sell their produce to private networks in many states. Still, here it’s talking about the national framework.
Farmers are scaring by the fact that they will have no assured prices and wholesale markets with this option. This means if they were not satisfied with the prices that private buyers are offering, they would be unable to return mandi.
According to a farmer, Multan Singh Rana, these private networks will lure many farmers during the starting days. But as the year passes and government mandis start packing up, then they will begin to exploit farmers. And farmers will have no option for going back to the mandi system. It is easy to say that the farmers will have to right to fight against them in the court, but in reality, the tables turn at every segment.
The government assures that they will not remove the mandi system either Minimum Support Price (MSP). But farmers are doubtful about it.
How are things settling down with Indian farmers?
The government has offered a suspension all over them for 18 months, though the negotiations continue. Still, the farmers are not ready with that, and they want to remove the laws completely.
A rally planned on India’s Republic Day on January 26th went wild when many protesting farmers started attacking at police. And this all happened at Delhi’s historic Red Fort complex.
Since then, iron nails, barbed wires etc., have been used against the farmers for the barricades.