Saudi Arabia offered a helping hand to Egypt against the bitter dispute with Sudan.
And the reason for this dispute is a massive hydropower dam by the Blue Nile, the Nile River’s main tributary.
Between Ethiopia and downstream nations Egypt and Sudan, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) is almost a decade long.
According to Ethiopia, the project is essential for development. However, the governments in Cairo and Khartoum are against it because they think it will restrict water access for their citizens. The state news agency of Saudi Arabia, SPA calls the international community to intensify efforts to find a precise mechanism to start negotiations between the three countries to end this crisis.
Tunisia had delivered a draft resolution to the UN Security Council, naming Ethiopia to cease filling the GERD’s reservoir.
And on Thursday, the 15-member body is likely to discuss the dispute.
‘No unilateral action ‘
For inconclusive talks over the GERD, these three countries are in a deal for years, breaking ground in 2011.
The speed at which a planned reservoir is filled behind the dam is the dispute center. Also, the amount of water Ethiopia will release downstream if drought occurs and the method of its annual replenishment.
But how the three countries would settle any future disputes is more likely another point of difference.
Ethiopia insists on guidelines, while Egypt and Sudan are willing to bind a legal agreement on the dam’s filling and operation.
Egypt and Sudan are aware of Ethiopia’s second phase filling at the GERD.
Ethiopia argues that adding water during the time of July- August is very beneficial for natural construction. As this period receives heavy rainfall, it will be conducive.
To avoid flooding and protect its power-generating dams on the Blue Nile, Sudan is requesting data from Ethiopia.