Ethiopia has already started the construction of a mega-dam on a tributary of the Nile. But the things are not so simple as they seem to be. The construction of the mega-dam has stated creating tensions between the neighboring countries and Ethiopia.
The Nile river dam built by Ethiopia has was examined by the UN Security Council today, i.e., on Thursday. The tensions are notably rising with Egypt as it depends on the river for 97 percent of its water supply.
Characterstic of mega-dam & Conclusion
Talking about the characteristics of the river, we know that the Nile is one of the longest rivers in the world. It stretches about 6,695 km and a crucial water supplier to most of the middle eastern and African arid countries. The drainage basin of the Nile covers almost more than 3 million sq. km, thus quenching ten countries. It has two main tributaries, namely, the White Nile and the Blue Nile, draining into the Mediterranian Sea. It has so much importance in the arid region of the middle east because around 84 billion cubic meters of water flow through it annually.
Ethiopia announced the mega-dam construction, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile, at a distance of about 30 km from Sudan. The plan was to generate 5000 megawatts of hydroelectricity. And almost doubling Ethiopia’s electricity generation, makes it Africa’s biggest Hydroelectric Dam.
The construction is becoming controversial for Ethiopia. According to the River Nile treaty of 1929 between Egypt and Sudan, Egypt claims that Britain gave the veto power to build structures on the river. And in 1959, due to the treaty’s boost, Egypt owns 66 percent rights. Leaving Sudan with 22 percent rights. Moreover, Egypt’s 100 million population is dependent on the Nile’s water. Thus, Ethiopia was never a part of the treaty. And it would not be possible to build such a structure without political agreements.
Tunisia requested the UN Security Council on behalf of Egypt and Sudan. Since all the negotiations till the last decade were failed on the topic, so it would not be easy for Ethiopia to build the dam.