Tetraneutron, a newly discovered exotic state of matter. This can lead to a better understanding of how the universe is integrated.
A long-standing question in nuclear physics is whether there can be free nuclear systems. However, only neutron stars represent an almost pure neutron system. Neutrons push together by gravity to very high densities.
The experimental search for isolated multi neutron systems has been a continuous search for several decades. Along with a special focus on a four-neutron system called the tetraneutron. It results in only a few clues. system for six decades.
Tetraneutron, An Exotic State Of Matter
Scientists recently announced the experimental discovery of the tetraneutron. An international team led by scientists from the Technical University of Darmstadt in Germany.
Accordingly, they opened the door to new research and may lead to a better understanding of how the universe is unified. This new and exotic state of the art may also have features that are advantageous for both current and advanced technologies.
However, the first announcement of the tetraneutron was made by the theoretical physicist James Vary during a presentation in the summer of 2014. He followed a research in the fall of 2016. It is awaiting confirmation through nuclear physics experiments.
Now, his wait is finally over when the four neutrons are temporarily bound in a temporary quantum state.
Why Tetra neutrons?
Neutrons are subatomic free particles that combine with positively charged protons to form the nucleus of an atom. Individual neutrons are unstable and after a few minutes they become protons.
Accordingly, a tetra neutron is a system consisting of two neutrons. Whether multi-neutron systems. They can exist as weakly bound states or very short unbound resonant states.
However, another simplest system of three neutrons. These exist less likely due to the strange number of nucleons and thus weaker binding.
And, according to these considerations, the four-neutron system, the tetraneutron, is a suitable candidate to answer this question.
Accordingly, using the supercomputer power of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California, theorists have calculated that four neutrons can create a resonant state with a lifetime of 3 × 10 ^ (- 22) seconds. It is less than a billion billion per second. It’s hard to believe, but it’s enough for physicists to study.
Tetraneutron has such a short lifespan that it is a huge shock to the world of nuclear physics. They can measure its properties before it breaks down.
Thus, this is, in fact, a completely new state of affairs. It’s short, but it focuses on possibilities. What happens when you put two or three in there? Do you get more energy?