Recently, due to a lack of budget, the activities of the UN peacekeeping missions were on the verge of coming to a halt. However, the budget was passed at the last minute and the UN peacekeeping mission was able to conduct its activities again.
But peacekeeping missions have been the target of much criticism over the long-running conflict in the countries. In fact, many claim that the UN peacekeeping force has failed in many ways to establish peace.
So is the need for peacekeeping missions really declining? What is the future of the Blue Helmet? So today I will discuss about the crises facing peacekeeping missions.
UN peacekeeping mission
The United Nations peacekeeping mission was officially launched in 1948. From its inception, the peacekeeping mission was aimed at resolving conflict and restoring peace.
The Blue Helmet(United Nations peacekeeping mission) was launched after World War II. It later won the Nobel Peace prize in 1988.
The first mission was launched in the wake of the Arab-Israeli war in 1948. The first mission to maintain a ceasefire between Arabs and Israelis was called the United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation.
The following year, the UNMOG peacekeeping mission began working to resolve the ongoing conflict in Kashmir. However, it has so far joined more than 60 UN peacekeeping missions, 17 of which are still ongoing.
From the very beginning, peacekeeping missions have created a kind of potential among the member states of the United Nations. In addition, participation in various wars and providing assistance has been highly acclaimed worldwide.
Peacekeeping mission to establish peace
Peacekeeping missions were formed to prevent a recurrence of the horrors of World War II. But with the end of World War II, the world became bipolar, with capitalists on one side and socialists on the other.
So during the Cold War, it became increasingly difficult to maintain peace. But even then, peacekeeping missions had a neutral position policy.
But after the end of the Cold War, the situation became more complicated than usual.
With the collapse of socialism, various extremist ideologies began to emerge. Among them, there are extremist right-wing and leftist ideologies, as well as white supremacy and religious extremism.
The world is dependent on peace and various regulators. As a result, peacekeeping missions are becoming increasingly complex and weakening.
Peacekeeping mission and its budget
The recent delay in the passing of the budget for the peacekeeping mission has alarmed the world. In fact, the peacekeeping mission relies on some of the major funds of the UN member states to conduct its activities.
The United States and China, two of the UN’s most veto-wielding and rival powers, are the biggest payers. During Donald Trump’s administration, he called for a reduction in the budget allocated for UN peacekeeping missions.
In fact, there are a lot of rumors now that the budget allocated for peacekeeping missions is comparatively much higher. And in fact, peacekeeping missions are not able to produce more than the budget.
Peacekeeping mission and national interest
Another major crisis facing the peacekeeping mission is the national interest of different countries. Most of the manpower for the peacekeeping mission comes from the sub-Saharan region and South Asia.
However, states that send troops to peacekeeping missions put their national interests first. For example, Ethiopia only sends peacekeepers to Somalia or Sudan to build dams.
On the other hand, the neighbor states of Mali, send troops to Mali to protect themself from the ongoing conflict in the region.
Peacekeeping mission and extremism
Extremists are another major challenge facing peacekeeping missions in establishing world peace. Groups such as the Islamic State, al-Qaeda, Taliban or Hamas are now scattered in various places.
Besides, far-right organizations like Maoist socialism are playing war drums everywhere. In addition, Naxal is still alive in several parts of India.
Peacekeeping missions and personnel
Above all, another major crisis facing the peacekeeping mission is the reluctance of the peacekeepers themselves.
In fact, in many cases, Israeli peacekeepers in Palestine personally support the PLO or the Hamas. Again, many peacekeepers deployed in Africa is inspired by the Islamic ideology.
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Is the need of peace keeping running out?
The peacekeeping mission was helpless in the face of the genocide in Bosnia and Rwanda in the 1990s. The crisis between Israel and Palestine is ongoing. Recently the Taliban are also imaging in Afghanistan.
In order to understand whether the need for peacekeeping missions is running out, we need to look at the changing concept of national security.
If the coronavirus becomes such a bioweapon, the perception of armed warfare will change in the next few years. On the other hand, global power is slowly shifting from the United States to the East.
The presence of nuclear weapons has already greatly reduced the likelihood of war. On the other hand, cyber-attacks and bio-weapons will reduce the demand for arms in the world.
As a result, in order for the peacekeeping mission to survive in the changed situation, it has to work for a trade war or economic war. It remains to be seen where the changed situation will take the UN peacekeeping mission.