July 17 is the World Day for International Justice. This day is celebrated all over the world to ensure justice and human rights. The day is celebrated to establish the role of the judiciary in establishing justice.
However, the United Nations is playing a leading role in ensuring human rights around the world. Therefore, the role of the United Nations in World Day for International Justice has become relevant.
Context of the day
World Day for International Justice is celebrated on July 17 every year. This day is basically the founding day of the International Criminal Court ICC.
The International Criminal Court was established in 1997 based on the Rome Statute. The Rome Statute was originally adopted in 1997 to ensure universal justice. The Rome Statute was unanimously voted by 120 states.
The ICC was established on July 17, 1997, which is followed by World Day for International Justice. However, the International Criminal Court first began its work in 2002.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) began its work in The Hague, the Netherlands. In 2004, for the first time in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, an investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity was launched. Later in 2005, it filed a case in Sudan and Uganda to ensure justice.
Ensuring Justice and ICJ
The United Nations has been working to preserve justice worldwide since long before the International Criminal Court was established. The International Court of Justice, or ICJ, was established by the United Nations in 1945.
After World War II, the United Nations emerged as the successor to the League of Nations with a view to establishing world peace.
Following this, the organization established an international court called the International Court of Justice. Like the ICC, it is headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands.
Originally, the International Court of Justice began its work in 1946. According to UN rules, judges are elected to the International Court of Justice for 9 years.
The main goal of the International Court of Justice is to resolve legal disputes between independent states. It also assists various legal entities in resolving legal issues.
A few cases have been settled in this court since its inception. However, in recent times, the popularity of the International Court of Justice has been increasing among third-world countries.
UN and Justice
The United Nations was born with the goal of establishing world peace and justice. One of its aims is to ensure human rights throughout the world. However, the organization has failed in many ways to ensure human rights and justice.
One of the most significant contributions of the United Nations to the suppression of crimes against humanity and the assurance of human rights is the enactment of human rights. Which contains 30-articles including the assurance of justice for all. In addition, the UN Human Rights Council is working as a sub-agency of the UN.
However, mutual distrust and conflict of power among the member states have largely hampered the functioning of the United Nations. The promise of the United Nations to establish justice has largely failed due to internal conflicts among the member states.
On the one hand, the UN peacekeeping mission is working to prevent war, on the other hand, the Uyghur community is being persecuted inside China. Again, even though most countries in the world do not recognize Israel, the Palestinian people are still being persecuted.
By crossing the border into Syria to deliver humanitarian aid to Syria, such as the United Nations, but has not been able to put pressure on Myanmar to repatriate the Rohingya for five long years.
Why UN failed to ensure justice
Although the United Nations has spoken of establishing justice with long-held promises, in reality, it has not been possible.
The veto-wielding nations are the main obstacle in the way of the establishment of justice in the United Nations because the developed countries are giving importance to the national interest in order to maintain their position in global politics.
Speaking of peace, these countries are the largest stockpile of weapons with the help of capitalism. As a result, terrorism is increasing manifold.
Sadly, the United Nations is made up of these self-interested states. In addition, the United Nations has to rely on these states to conduct its activities. These states are preserving nuclear weapons on the pretext of national security.
Overcoming all these, religion and nationalism are constantly on the rise centering on politics. As a result, the oppression of a nation against a nation is on the rise.
In such a situation, the United Nations needs to be strengthened to preserve justice, so that states can work to establish justice in the international arena beyond national boundaries.